EU defines 2050 transport
The European Commission has published key measures required to achieve acceptable transport in 40 years' time.
The Commission explains that transport is fundamental to the economy and society - in Europe it directly employs around 10 million people and accounts for about 5% of GDP. On average 13.2% of every household's budget is spent on transport goods and services.
Major challenges include:
- oil will become scarcer and prices will more than double between 2005 and 2050.
- transport has become more energy-efficient but still depends on oil for 96% of its energy needs.
- congestion costs Europe about 1% of GDP.
- there is a need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to limit climate change to 2ºC by 2050 - requiring reduced emissions by 80–95% below 1990 levels.
- road and sky congestion is a major concern. Freight transport will increase over 2005 by 40% in 2030 and 80% by 2050, and passenger traffic by 34% by 2030 and 51% by 2050.
- Infrastructure is unequally developed in E and W parts of the EU.
- EU transport faces growing competition in World transport markets.
The 'Transport 2050 Roadmap to a Single Transport Area' aims to introduce profound structural changes to transform the transport sector. To get this underway, key measures in the period 2011–14 will include:
- an overhaul of regulations for rail to make it more attractive and carry a very significantly increased share of the market for passenger and freight over middle distances (>300 km) by 2050.
- to triple the length of the current high-speed rail network by 2030.
- creation of a Single European Transport Area with proposals for a core European 'multi-modal' network with publication of Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) guidelines, maps and financing proposals.
- removal of bottlenecks and barriers in other parts of the network, namely:
- - an airport package to improve the efficiency and capacity of airports (2011).
- - communication on inland waterway transport (2011) to remove barriers and improve efficiency.
- - e-maritime initiative (2011) for paperless and intelligent shipping.
- - removal of restrictions to road cabotage (2012-13).
- allowing electronic tolling systems - a European electronic toll service for lorries from October 2012 and 2 years later for all vehicles.
- introduction of EU Strategic Transport Technology Plan (2011).
- phasing-out conventionally-fuelled cars in cities by 2050 - with a shift to electric, hydrogen or hybrid cars, to public transport and to walking or cycling.
- for long-distance, focus to increase competitiveness and reduce emissions through:
- - modernisation of Europe's air traffic control system by 2020 (SESAR1).
- - deployment of advanced land and waterborne transport management systems.
Full details from the EU below.